Certainly, online learning is an essential part of what we do - but recent experiences shed light on the problems that exist within it. Online learning, as it exists today, has had a rough time.
We found frustrated, isolated students. We found instructors working increased hours in order to maintain a sense of a classroom community and develop the higher-order skills that could be practised far more often in our face-to-face environments. Throughout the pandemic, the missing pieces in our online learning were far more apparent. Our earlier infatuation soured; it became apparent we needed more.
Initially, we embraced the efficiency of online education. It delivered learning to many. Yet, that efficiency is a two-edged sword. It simply helped us run the wrong race a whole lot faster. We took learning recall (having students demonstrate learning with quizzes, short answers, and summaries) and gave it a turbo-boost. That seemed like a great step forward until we lost our ability to meet face-to-face.
Our current online platforms are primarily structured to share resources and assess learning recall. Targeting anything deeper than that requires "adding on" -additional platforms, activities, teacher planning. As resources and time get stretched thin, it becomes increasingly difficult.
The current learning platforms start from the foundation of content recall, yet we need to move far beyond that to target more meaningful skills. The pandemic highlighted this need, and it represents a clear opportunity for growth. We need to rethink the way we deliver learning in order to target the skills we want.
We know what good learning should look like. Technology doesn't have to drive that learning, but it certainly shouldn't hinder it. If we start from the shallow premise that learning happens when we upload resources so that students can demonstrate a superficial understanding of that content, then we're already two steps behind. Anything else can only come as an add-on.
Project-Based Learning (PBL) believers have advocated for years about what good learning looks like. They know that we need to let students take ownership of their learning. We need projects where it's impossible not to demonstrate skills like creativity, critical thinking, collaboration, communication. and citizenship.
Two of my favourite ed-tech disruptors share some excellent examples of what learning should look like. It should not be surprising that neither of them mentions technology at all.
In his summary of Harvard professor Eric Mazur's work with physics students, Alan November paints a vivid picture of this active social learning and highlights the learning gains that are associated with it.
By making the learning a socially interactive experience, where students are discussing and debating the problems with each other, Dr. Mazur has found that his Harvard students are much more engaged in the class—and they also learn more from each other than they learned from him alone. In fact, he has seen achievement gains that are three times greater than what he experienced when he used to lecture.
- Alan November, November Learning
An even more tangible description of this sort of active learning is provided by Jeff Utecht. He notes within rich learning tasks (such as PBL), the learning is not the final product. The real learning occurs during the process that learners go through. He shares:
The learning happened in the doing. Doing research, connecting information sources, trying something out, trying again, learning, watching more videos, reading more websites, and doing. That’s where the learning occurred.
- Jeff Utecht, The Thinking Stick, September 19, 2019
Are our current learning platforms set up to facilitate this kind of learning? Are they primarily designed for (instead of merely accommodating):
- Fostering student creativity?
- Social learning: connecting learners?
- Purposeful learning: Asking students to apply their knowledge by developing solutions to relevant problems?
- Allowing learnings to give one another feedback in a variety of ways?
- Creating a learning community where we learn from one another, not simply the instructor?
The unfortunate answer to these questions is "no."
If we start with these outcomes as our goals, then we have to start looking for ways to enhance or go beyond many of the current learning platforms we use. That is a mindset decision that lies within us first and foremost, not a technology issue.
Note: This post originally appeared at Huddle Up Learning. It is re-printed with permission.
Derek Luebbe is a lifelong K-12 educator with 25 years experience as a Teacher, Principal, and Head of School with American accredited international schools in Egypt, Taiwan, Hungary, and China. He recently turned edupreneur with the launch of Huddle Up Learning which aims to transform the way teams collaborate and learn through the structured sharing of ideas and feedback.
His wife Laurie is also a lifelong educator, and they split time between Hendersonville, NC and New Delhi India with their three daughters.
He blogs at blog.huddleuplearning.com Follow him on Twitter @dluebbe and https://www.linkedin.com/in/derekluebbe/